While, several parties opposing the political settlement project, emanating from the Libyan Dialogue Forum in Tunisia, which intends to choose a new executive authority, a “presidential council and a separate government” their plan continue to block this entitlement; On the pretext that it includes supporters of Haftar’s aggression against Tripoli in 2019.
Press leaks showed Al-Sarraj trying to strike a power-sharing deal with Haftar. In order to remain in power, by exploiting these parties, who reject Haftar’s military project.
Parties close to Al-Sarraj, in the Government of National Accord, attacked the Forum for Political Dialogue, and accused its members of treason. They had struck suspicious deals with him. Among the most prominent of these was the Vice President of the Presidency Council, Ahmed Maiteeq, whose agreement with Haftar last September included the opening of oil, and several Other items, including the obligation of the Central Bank in Tripoli to cover the debts owed by the parallel government of Thinni, in the eastern region, which is under the control of Haftar.
The matter did not stop at this point, as the President of the Presidency Council, Fayez Al-Sarraj, rushed, during a private family visit to Rome on December 15, to present an offer to Haftar to share power, according to what the Italian newspaper “La Republica” revealed, by proposing to Haftar to name the prime minister, And that he is continues to head the Presidential Council.
The newspaper added that “Conte” conveyed Al-Sarraj’s message to Haftar, during his visit to Benghazi on December 17th, accompanied by his foreign minister, Luigi de Maio, in which de Maio announced the release of the Italian fishermen held in Benghazi since last September.
This visit constituted a lifeline for Haftar after he found himself in an unprecedented external and internal isolation that began since he lost the aggression on Tripoli last June.
Creating a split
In a related context, some sought to create a rift in the security and military body that resisted the aggression against Tripoli and defended the legitimacy, by trying to separate armed bodies from the subordination of the Ministry of Interior. Local media published an official message by the Presidential Council containing the decision to separate the “Al Radaa force.” From the Ministry of the Interior and attaching Them to Al-Sarraj to become directly affiliated with him with an independent financial liability, away from the Ministry of Interior headed by Fathi Bashagha.
Even with regard to the composition of the Political Dialogue Forum, which the mission confirmed, last October, that its selection was based on the principles of inclusiveness, geographical, political, tribal and just social representation, as it includes representatives of the House of Representatives and the Supreme Council of the State, in addition to the active political forces with the participation of women, youth and minorities, so that The dialogue shall include all sects and components of the Libyan people.
Some of the gamblers reproached this forum for including these different and contradictory parties, considering that some of them supported the aggression against Tripoli, and they ignored that the dialogue forum discusses the country’s future and an announced settlement, and not in a secret deal between two or more people as happened between Al Sarraj and Haftar, according to the Italian leaks.
Dialogue to prevent militarization
Parties supporting the dialogue, including the head of the Justice and Construction Party, Mohammed Sawan, said early on: The goal of the dialogue is to cut off the road on Haftar and his externally supported military project. Sawan said last November that the political settlement must have guarantees within it, and the guarantees are a government separate from the Council Presidential leadership, and it will be headed by a strong presidency that will face the military rebellion if it thinks about returning, and it will be presidential Council for the other side, and by this we form a balance and guarantee the ability to confront any military coup that may occur.
Stabbed in the back
The attempt to find a secret personal settlement with Haftar is not really a challenge to the dialogue and a weakening of the guarantees he provides, but also a challenge to several political, social and human rights voices in the eastern region, which demanded an end to the fighting and kidnapping of the state in Benghazi.
Last July, social, political, academic figures and activists representing the “Voice of Peace from Cyrenaica” group called for a comprehensive and direct dialogue between Libyans in its social, economic and political dimensions, warning against falling into the trap of negotiations. For the sake of quotas or power-sharing, and the achievement of personal ambitions.
The assassination of human rights activist Hanan Al-Barasi, the kidnapping of the MP Siham Serqiwa, from her home in front of her husband and son in July 2019, and Salwa Bugaqiqs in June 2014 who dared to criticize Haftar and his militias, constituted a state of condemnation, popular and social anger and an uncommon rebellion against Haftar’s military authority in that region.